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Navigation at the North Pole

Compass (Photo: David Tett)

You might think that if you want to get to the North Pole, you could simply follow your compass which always points north. Unfortunately, it’s not that simple. Below are a few navigational aids commonly used on the Arctic Ocean.

How To Get To The North Pole

How to Get to the North Pole: and Other Iconic Adventures

This is an edited excerpt from the How To Get To The North Pole chapter of my new book: How To Get To The North Pole And Other Iconic Adventures.


This can be used but it will point at the Magnetic North Pole rather than the Geographic North Pole so you need to account for the significant variation. The needle also tends to jump around when you are that far north.


This is the standard means of pinpointing oneself. Indeed, it is the only realistic way you will know when you have reached it. The problem is that they tend to require batteries which drain rapidly in the cold and can be fiddly to use with big gloves on.

Wind direction

Prevailing winds tend to be fairly consistent and can provide a more practical cue for maintaining direction than relying on compass and GPS. Attaching ribbon to a ski pole is an easy way to monitor this.

Your shadow

During the day, another simple method for work out direction is to use your shadow as a sun dial.

The northern experts, like the Inuit, have learned to find their way using the sastrugi, the ice ridges that have been sculpted by the wind. Each wind chisels the ice and gives it recognisable character in the shape of the ridges it forms. The Inuit remember this by giving each wind a character. They can then recognise the shapes in the ice and the ‘character’ that formed them, and therefore what direction the sastrugi lie in.”

Tristan Gooley, author of the Natural Navigator.

Tristan has provided unique advice for the environment covered in each chapter of my book.

How to Get to the North Pole:

and Other Iconic Adventures

Newly published for April 2012

How To Get To The North Pole

Laura and Tim Moss are currently cycling 10,000 miles around the world. They are raising money for JDRF Diabetes Research and proudly supported by Lyon Equipment.

About The Author

Tim has supported over 100 expeditions across all seven continents. He has climbed new mountains, crossed a desert and is currently cycling around the world. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society London and a Guinness World Record. He aims to encourage more people to live adventurously.

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